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Congress encouraged illegal immigration with 1965 law, say experts

27 Aug

WASHINGTON If America is a melting pot of cultures and immigrants from around the world continue to plant flag in this country, that to a singular law of 1965, as he approached his half century of life, it is, paradoxically, in part due guilty of the current chaos.

The Immigration and Nationality Act (INA, in English) was enacted on October 3, 1965 by President Lyndon B. Johnson in 1968 and implemented as a key part of the civil rights movement.
Also known as the “Hart-Celler Act”, the 1965 law liberalized immigration and “leveled the playing field” in the granting of visas, but also created the system that keeps in the shadow eleven million undocumented immigrants and, in Once a throwing weapon in the war of 2016.

Experts consulted by this newspaper today agreed that, if the immigration system is “broken”, not because of the undocumented but outdated policies that do not conform to the realities of the labor market.

“Undoubtedly, this was a seminal law which was the basis for our current system but unwittingly, Congress also created illegal immigration because it adopted policies that reinforced border security and reduced legal channels,” said Charles Foster, a consultant senior during the presidency of George W. Bush and part of Barack Obama.

“Now we have a huge undocumented population of Mexico and Central America because quotas were imposed for Latin America, the bracero program was removed, and made more difficult legally emigrate from the region. A legal mechanism to allow immigrants to address the shortage of labor is needed, “said Foster, president of Foster LLP in Houston, one of the largest law firms in the country.

Meanwhile, the New York lawyer, Matthew L. Kolken said the 1965 INA produced a “chain migration” that due to family reunification, legal immigration tripled in just three decades.

“Unfortunately, the result is a saturated system Applicants must endure delays for years to immigrate legally, and many do illegally to ease the grief of their families,” said Kolken, who denounced the continued deportation of undocumented workers.

Fees and restrictions

Before 1965, the United States was a country more white and Eurocentric due to preferential treatment under a law of 1924, received immigrants from northern Europe to the detriment of those in Africa, Asia and the Middle East.

With the exception of Latin America, under the 1924 law, each nationality received a cap of visas per year, but the system was so arbitrary and discriminatory, as argued Greek, Polish, Portuguese and Italians of that time.

In 1963, to take up the cause of immigration reform, President John F. Kennedy himself said that the quota system was embroidering on the “intolerable”.
The subsequent population explosion of immigrants from underdeveloped countries was the result of the 1965 law and family reunification policies and welcome foreigners with high labor skills and political refugees.

If in 1965 the whites made up 85% of the national population, they are now poised to become minority by the year 2042.

INA lessons

The INA 1965, then driven by the late Sen. Ted Kennedy, irreversibly changed the face of US altering its economy and social institutions. Cities and states with zero Asian population, for example, were gradually filling with immigrants from that continent and its business.

“The first great lesson of this law is that restricting legal immigration it does is increase the illegal … the solution to the current problem lies not in the mass ends -deportación or abiertas- borders but in the center, but not politicians agree, “said Alex Nowrasteh, immigration policy analyst at the conservative Cato Institute.

The second lesson, Nowrasteh added, is that neither Johnson nor the political elite could anticipate the consequences of the law, in particular the steady stream of immigrants from around the world and demand for visas exceeds supply.

To Nowrasteh, the popularity of Donald Trump in the race only responds to anti-immigrant movement is shrinking but more “strident, angry and extremist”.
In 1995, 66% of Americans supported restrict legal immigration and, a decade later, the figure dropped to 38%.

Paradoxically, the system created to reunite families separated family now keeps you must wait years, if not decades, for the approval of a visa.

US immigration in figures

There are 41 million foreigners in the US, making up 12.9% of the total population.

Immigrants tend to have an entrepreneurial spirit, and they, or their children, have set 40% of businesses in the Fortune 500.

Migrant estacandos relief in the courts expand the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by a cumulative total of $ 230.000 million in the next decade.

With the expansion of the economy, the income of Americans increase cumulatively by about $ 124,000 million in ten years, and an average of 29,000 jobs would be created per year.

The undocumented immigrants paid about $ 11.840 million in state and local taxes in 2012. With the launch of migrant income breaks the gathering of these taxes would increase by about $ 845 million per year.